Documentation

Use multiple fields in a calculation

To use values from multiple fields in a mathematic calculation, complete the following steps:

  1. Filter by fields required in your calculation
  2. Pivot fields into columns
  3. Perform the mathematic calculation

Filter by fields

Use filter() to return only the fields necessary for your calculation. Use the or logical operator to filter by multiple fields.

The following example queries two fields, A and B:

from(bucket: "example-bucket")
    |> range(start: -1m)
    |> filter(fn: (r) => r._field == "A" or r._field == "B")

This query returns one or more tables for each field. For example:

_time_field_value
2021-01-01T00:00:00ZA12.4
2021-01-01T00:00:15ZA12.2
2021-01-01T00:00:30ZA11.6
2021-01-01T00:00:45ZA11.9
_time_field_value
2021-01-01T00:00:00ZB3.1
2021-01-01T00:00:15ZB4.8
2021-01-01T00:00:30ZB2.2
2021-01-01T00:00:45ZB3.3

Pivot fields into columns

Use pivot() to align multiple fields by time.

To correctly pivot on _time, points for each field must have identical timestamps. If timestamps are irregular or do not align perfectly, see Normalize irregular timestamps.

// ...
  |> pivot(rowKey: ["_time"], columnKey: ["_field"], valueColumn: "_value")

Using the queried data above, this pivot() function returns:

_timeAB
2021-01-01T00:00:00Z12.43.1
2021-01-01T00:00:15Z12.24.8
2021-01-01T00:00:30Z11.62.2
2021-01-01T00:00:45Z11.93.3

Perform the calculation

Use map() to perform the mathematic operation using column values as operands.

The following example uses values in the A and B columns to calculate a new _value column:

// ...
    |> map(fn: (r) => ({ r with _value: r.A * r.B }))

Using the pivoted data above, this map() function returns:

_timeAB_value
2021-01-01T00:00:00Z12.43.138.44
2021-01-01T00:00:15Z12.24.858.56
2021-01-01T00:00:30Z11.62.225.52
2021-01-01T00:00:45Z11.93.339.27

Full example query

from(bucket: "example-bucket")
    |> range(start: -1m)
    |> filter(fn: (r) => r._field == "A" or r._field == "B")
    |> pivot(rowKey: ["_time"], columnKey: ["_field"], valueColumn: "_value")
    |> map(fn: (r) => ({r with _value: r.A * r.B}))

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The future of Flux

Flux is going into maintenance mode. You can continue using it as you currently are without any changes to your code.

Flux is going into maintenance mode and will not be supported in InfluxDB 3.0. This was a decision based on the broad demand for SQL and the continued growth and adoption of InfluxQL. We are continuing to support Flux for users in 1.x and 2.x so you can continue using it with no changes to your code. If you are interested in transitioning to InfluxDB 3.0 and want to future-proof your code, we suggest using InfluxQL.

For information about the future of Flux, see the following: