Documentation

InfluxDB data schema

This page documents an earlier version of InfluxDB. InfluxDB v2.6 is the latest stable version. View this page in the v2.6 documentation.

InfluxDB data elements are stored in time-structured merge tree (TSM) and time series index (TSI) files to efficiently compact stored data.

InfluxDB also provides a tabular data schema that includes the following:

The tabular data schema is used for the following:

Annotation rows

Annotation rows describe column properties, for example:

  • #group
  • #datatype
  • #default

Header row

The header row defines column labels that describe data in each column, for example:

  • table
  • _time
  • _value
  • _field
  • _measurement
  • tag key names (without underscore prefix): tag-1, tag-2

Data rows

Each data row contains the data specified in the header row for one point.

Other columns

In addition to the columns in each data row (specified in the header row), the following columns are optional:

  • annotation
  • result
  • table

Group keys

Determine the contents of output tables in Flux by grouping records that share common values in specified columns. Learn more about grouping your data with Flux.


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Linux Package Signing Key Rotation

All signed InfluxData Linux packages have been resigned with an updated key. If using Linux, you may need to update your package configuration to continue to download and verify InfluxData software packages.

For more information, see the Linux Package Signing Key Rotation blog post.

InfluxDB Cloud backed by InfluxDB IOx

All InfluxDB Cloud organizations created on or after January 31, 2023 are backed by the new InfluxDB IOx storage engine. Check the right column of your InfluxDB Cloud organization homepage to see which InfluxDB storage engine you’re using.

If powered by IOx, this is the correct documentation.

If powered by TSM, see the TSM-based InfluxDB Cloud documentation.

InfluxDB Cloud backed by InfluxDB TSM

All InfluxDB Cloud organizations created on or after January 31, 2023 are backed by the new InfluxDB IOx storage engine which enables nearly unlimited series cardinality and SQL query support. Check the right column of your InfluxDB Cloud organization homepage to see which InfluxDB storage engine you’re using.

If powered by TSM, this is the correct documentation.

If powered by IOx, see the IOx-based InfluxDB Cloud documentation.

State of the InfluxDB Cloud (IOx) documentation

The new documentation for InfluxDB Cloud backed by InfluxDB IOx is a work in progress. We are adding new information and content almost daily. Thank you for your patience!

If there is specific information you’re looking for, please submit a documentation issue.