InfluxDB server monitoring

Warning! This page documents an earlier version of InfluxDB, which is no longer actively developed. InfluxDB v1.7 is the most recent stable version of InfluxDB.

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InfluxDB can display statistical and diagnostic information about each node. This information can be very useful for troubleshooting and performance monitoring.

SHOW STATS

To see node statistics, execute the command SHOW STATS.

The statistics returned by SHOW STATS are stored in memory only, and are reset to zero when the node is restarted.

SHOW DIAGNOSTICS

To see node diagnostics, execute the command SHOW DIAGNOSTICS. This returns information such as build information, uptime, hostname, server configuration, memory usage, and Go runtime diagnostics.

Internal monitoring

InfluxDB also writes statistical and diagnostic information to database named _internal, which records metrics on the internal runtime and service performance. The _internal database can be queried and manipulated like any other InfluxDB database. Check out the monitor service README and the internal monitoring blog post for more detail.

Useful performance metrics commands

Below are a collection of commands to find useful performance metrics about your InfluxDB instance.

To find the number of points per second being written to the instance. Must have the monitor service enabled:

$ influx -execute 'select derivative(pointReq, 1s) from "write" where time > now() - 5m' -database '_internal' -precision 'rfc3339'

To find the number of writes separated by database since the beginnning of the log file:

grep 'POST' /var/log/influxdb/influxd.log | awk '{ print $10 }' | sort | uniq -c

Or, for systemd systems logging to journald:

journalctl -u influxdb.service | awk '/POST/ { print $10 }' | sort | uniq -c

InfluxDB /metrics HTTP endpoint

Note: There are no outstanding PRs for improvements to the /metrics endpoint, but we’ll add them to the CHANGELOG as they occur.

The InfluxDB /metrics endpoint is configured to produce the default Go metrics in Prometheus metrics format.

Example using InfluxDB `/metrics’ endpoint

Below is an example of the output generated using the /metrics endpoint. Note that HELP is available to explain the Go statistics.

# HELP go_gc_duration_seconds A summary of the GC invocation durations.
# TYPE go_gc_duration_seconds summary
go_gc_duration_seconds{quantile="0"} 6.4134e-05
go_gc_duration_seconds{quantile="0.25"} 8.8391e-05
go_gc_duration_seconds{quantile="0.5"} 0.000131335
go_gc_duration_seconds{quantile="0.75"} 0.000169204
go_gc_duration_seconds{quantile="1"} 0.000544705
go_gc_duration_seconds_sum 0.004619405
go_gc_duration_seconds_count 27
# HELP go_goroutines Number of goroutines that currently exist.
# TYPE go_goroutines gauge
go_goroutines 29
# HELP go_info Information about the Go environment.
# TYPE go_info gauge
go_info{version="go1.10"} 1
# HELP go_memstats_alloc_bytes Number of bytes allocated and still in use.
# TYPE go_memstats_alloc_bytes gauge
go_memstats_alloc_bytes 1.581062048e+09
# HELP go_memstats_alloc_bytes_total Total number of bytes allocated, even if freed.
# TYPE go_memstats_alloc_bytes_total counter
go_memstats_alloc_bytes_total 2.808293616e+09
# HELP go_memstats_buck_hash_sys_bytes Number of bytes used by the profiling bucket hash table.
# TYPE go_memstats_buck_hash_sys_bytes gauge
go_memstats_buck_hash_sys_bytes 1.494326e+06
# HELP go_memstats_frees_total Total number of frees.
# TYPE go_memstats_frees_total counter
go_memstats_frees_total 1.1279913e+07
# HELP go_memstats_gc_cpu_fraction The fraction of this program's available CPU time used by the GC since the program started.
# TYPE go_memstats_gc_cpu_fraction gauge
go_memstats_gc_cpu_fraction -0.00014404354379774563
# HELP go_memstats_gc_sys_bytes Number of bytes used for garbage collection system metadata.
# TYPE go_memstats_gc_sys_bytes gauge
go_memstats_gc_sys_bytes 6.0936192e+07
# HELP go_memstats_heap_alloc_bytes Number of heap bytes allocated and still in use.
# TYPE go_memstats_heap_alloc_bytes gauge
go_memstats_heap_alloc_bytes 1.581062048e+09
# HELP go_memstats_heap_idle_bytes Number of heap bytes waiting to be used.
# TYPE go_memstats_heap_idle_bytes gauge
go_memstats_heap_idle_bytes 3.8551552e+07
# HELP go_memstats_heap_inuse_bytes Number of heap bytes that are in use.
# TYPE go_memstats_heap_inuse_bytes gauge
go_memstats_heap_inuse_bytes 1.590673408e+09
# HELP go_memstats_heap_objects Number of allocated objects.
# TYPE go_memstats_heap_objects gauge
go_memstats_heap_objects 1.6924595e+07
# HELP go_memstats_heap_released_bytes Number of heap bytes released to OS.
# TYPE go_memstats_heap_released_bytes gauge
go_memstats_heap_released_bytes 0
# HELP go_memstats_heap_sys_bytes Number of heap bytes obtained from system.
# TYPE go_memstats_heap_sys_bytes gauge
go_memstats_heap_sys_bytes 1.62922496e+09
# HELP go_memstats_last_gc_time_seconds Number of seconds since 1970 of last garbage collection.
# TYPE go_memstats_last_gc_time_seconds gauge
go_memstats_last_gc_time_seconds 1.520291233297057e+09
# HELP go_memstats_lookups_total Total number of pointer lookups.
# TYPE go_memstats_lookups_total counter
go_memstats_lookups_total 397
# HELP go_memstats_mallocs_total Total number of mallocs.
# TYPE go_memstats_mallocs_total counter
go_memstats_mallocs_total 2.8204508e+07
# HELP go_memstats_mcache_inuse_bytes Number of bytes in use by mcache structures.
# TYPE go_memstats_mcache_inuse_bytes gauge
go_memstats_mcache_inuse_bytes 13888
# HELP go_memstats_mcache_sys_bytes Number of bytes used for mcache structures obtained from system.
# TYPE go_memstats_mcache_sys_bytes gauge
go_memstats_mcache_sys_bytes 16384
# HELP go_memstats_mspan_inuse_bytes Number of bytes in use by mspan structures.
# TYPE go_memstats_mspan_inuse_bytes gauge
go_memstats_mspan_inuse_bytes 1.4781696e+07
# HELP go_memstats_mspan_sys_bytes Number of bytes used for mspan structures obtained from system.
# TYPE go_memstats_mspan_sys_bytes gauge
go_memstats_mspan_sys_bytes 1.4893056e+07
# HELP go_memstats_next_gc_bytes Number of heap bytes when next garbage collection will take place.
# TYPE go_memstats_next_gc_bytes gauge
go_memstats_next_gc_bytes 2.38107752e+09
# HELP go_memstats_other_sys_bytes Number of bytes used for other system allocations.
# TYPE go_memstats_other_sys_bytes gauge
go_memstats_other_sys_bytes 4.366786e+06
# HELP go_memstats_stack_inuse_bytes Number of bytes in use by the stack allocator.
# TYPE go_memstats_stack_inuse_bytes gauge
go_memstats_stack_inuse_bytes 983040
# HELP go_memstats_stack_sys_bytes Number of bytes obtained from system for stack allocator.
# TYPE go_memstats_stack_sys_bytes gauge
go_memstats_stack_sys_bytes 983040
# HELP go_memstats_sys_bytes Number of bytes obtained from system.
# TYPE go_memstats_sys_bytes gauge
go_memstats_sys_bytes 1.711914744e+09
# HELP go_threads Number of OS threads created.
# TYPE go_threads gauge
go_threads 16