Variable types

Variable types determine how a variable’s list of possible values is populated. The following variable types are available:


Map variables use a list of key value pairs in CSV format to map keys to specific values. Keys populate the variable’s value list in the InfluxDB user interface (UI), but values are used when actually processing the query.

The most common use case for map variables is aliasing simple, human-readable keys to complex values.

Map variable CSV example
Juanito MacNeil,"5TKl6l8i4idg15Fxxe4P"
Astrophel Chaudhary,"bDhZbuVj5RV94NcFXZPm"
Ochieng Benes,"YIhg6SoMKRUH8FMlHs3V"
Mila Emile,"o61AhpOGr5aO3cYVArC0"


Query variable values are populated using the _value column of a Flux query.

Query variable example
// List all buckets
    |> rename(columns: {"name": "_value"})
    |> keep(columns: ["_value"])

For examples of dashboard variable queries, see Common variable queries.

Important things to note about variable queries

  • The variable will only use values from the _value column. If the data you’re looking for is in a column other than _value, use the rename() or map() functions to change the name of that column to _value.
  • The variable will only use the first table in the output stream. Use the group() function to group everything into a single table.
  • Do not use any predefined dashboard variables in variable queries.


CSV variables use a CSV-formatted list to populate variable values. A common use case is when the list of potential values is static and cannot be queried from InfluxDB.

CSV variable examples
value1, value2, value3, value4

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