Documentation

join.left() function

join.left() performs a left outer join on two table streams.

The function calls join.tables() with the method parameter set to "left".

Function type signature
(<-left: stream[A], as: (l: A, r: B) => C, on: (l: A, r: B) => bool, right: stream[B]) => stream[C] where A: Record, B: Record, C: Record
For more information, see Function type signatures.

Parameters

left

Left input stream. Default is piped-forward data (<-).

(Required) Right input stream.

on

(Required) Function that takes a left and right record (l, and r respectively), and returns a boolean.

The body of the function must be a single boolean expression, consisting of one or more equality comparisons between a property of l and a property of r, each chained together by the and operator.

as

(Required) Function that takes a left and a right record (l and r respectively), and returns a record. The returned record is included in the final output.

Examples

Perform a left outer join

In a left outer join, l is guaranteed to not be a default record, but r may be a default record. Because r is more likely to contain null values, the output record is built almost entirely from proprties of l, with the exception of v_right, which we expect to sometimes be null.

For more information about the behavior of outer joins, see the Outer joins section in the join package documentation.

import "array"
import "join"

left =
    array.from(
        rows: [
            {_time: 2022-01-01T00:00:00Z, _value: 1, label: "a"},
            {_time: 2022-01-01T00:00:00Z, _value: 2, label: "b"},
            {_time: 2022-01-01T00:00:00Z, _value: 3, label: "d"},
        ],
    )
right =
    array.from(
        rows: [
            {_time: 2022-01-01T00:00:00Z, _value: 0.4, id: "a"},
            {_time: 2022-01-01T00:00:00Z, _value: 0.5, id: "c"},
            {_time: 2022-01-01T00:00:00Z, _value: 0.6, id: "d"},
        ],
    )

join.left(
    left: left,
    right: right,
    on: (l, r) => l.label == r.id and l._time == r._time,
    as: (l, r) => ({_time: l._time, label: l.label, v_left: l._value, v_right: r._value}),
)

View example output


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