Documentation

System built-ins

Flux contains many preassigned values. These preassigned values are defined in the source files for the various built-in packages.

When a built-in value is not expressible in Flux, its value may be defined by the hosting environment. All such values must have a corresponding builtin statement to declare the existence and type of the built-in value.

BuiltinStatement = "builtin" identifier ":" TypeExpression .
TypeExpression   = MonoType ["where" Constraints] .

MonoType     = Tvar | BasicType | ArrayType | StreamType | VectorType | RecordType | FunctionType .
Tvar         = "A"  "Z" .
BasicType    = "int" | "uint" | "float" | "string" | "bool" | "time" | "duration" | "bytes" | "regexp" .
ArrayType    = "[" MonoType "]" .
StreamType   = "stream" "[" MonoType "]" .
VectorType   = "vector" "[" MonoType "]" .
RecordType   = ( "{" [RecordTypeProperties] "}" ) | ( "{" Tvar "with" RecordTypeProperties "}" ) .
FunctionType = "(" [FunctionTypeParameters] ")" "=>" MonoType .

RecordTypeProperties = RecordTypeProperty { "," RecordTypeProperty } .
RecordTypeProperty   = Label ":" MonoType .
Label = identifier | string_lit

FunctionTypeParameters = FunctionTypeParameter { "," FunctionTypeParameter } .
FunctionTypeParameter = [ "<-" | "?" ] identifier ":" MonoType .

Constraints = Constraint { "," Constraint } .
Constraint  = Tvar ":" Kinds .
Kinds       = identifier { "+" identifier } .
Example
builtin filter : (<-tables: stream[T], fn: (r: T) => bool) => stream[T]

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