Error Messages

Warning! This page documents an old version of InfluxDB, which is no longer actively developed. InfluxDB v1.3 is the most recent stable version of InfluxDB.

This page documents errors, their descriptions, and, where applicable, common resolutions.

Disclaimer: This document does not contain an exhaustive list of all possible InfluxDB errors.

error: database name required

The database name required error occurs when certain SHOW queries do not specify a database. Specify a database with an ON clause in the SHOW query, with USE <database_name> in the CLI, or with the db query string parameter in the HTTP API request.

The relevant SHOW queries include SHOW RETENTION POLICIES, SHOW SERIES, SHOW MEASUREMENTS, SHOW TAG KEYS, SHOW TAG VALUES, and SHOW FIELD KEYS.

Resources: Schema Exploration, InfluxQL Reference

error: max series per database exceeded: < >

The max series per database exceeded error occurs when a write causes the number of series in a database to exceed the maximum allowable series per database. The maximum allowable series per database is controlled by the max-series-per-database setting in the [data] section of the configuration file.

The information in the < > shows the measurement and the tag set of the series that exceeded max-series-per-database.

By default max-series-per-database is set to one million. Changing the setting to 0 allows an unlimited number of series per database.

Resources: Database Configuration

error parsing query: found < >, expected identifier at line < >, char < >

InfluxQL Syntax

The expected identifier error occurs when InfluxDB anticipates an identifier in a query but doesn’t find it. Identifiers are tokens that refer to continuous query names, database names, field keys, measurement names, retention policy names, subscription names, tag keys, and user names. The error is often a gentle reminder to double-check your query’s syntax.

Examples

Query 1:

> CREATE CONTINUOUS QUERY ON "telegraf" BEGIN SELECT mean("usage_idle") INTO "average_cpu" FROM "cpu" GROUP BY time(1h),"cpu" END
ERR: error parsing query: found ON, expected identifier at line 1, char 25

Query 1 is missing a continuous query name between CREATE CONTINUOUS QUERY and ON.

Query 2:

> SELECT * FROM WHERE "blue" = true
ERR: error parsing query: found WHERE, expected identifier at line 1, char 15

Query 2 is missing a measurement name between FROM and WHERE.

InfluxQL Keywords

In some cases the expected identifier error occurs when one of the identifiers in the query is an InfluxQL Keyword. To successfully query an identifier that’s also a keyword, enclose that identifier in double quotes.

Examples

Query 1:

> SELECT duration FROM runs
ERR: error parsing query: found DURATION, expected identifier, string, number, bool at line 1, char 8

In Query 1, the field key duration is an InfluxQL Keyword. Double quote duration to avoid the error:

> SELECT "duration" FROM runs

Query 2:

> CREATE RETENTION POLICY limit ON telegraf DURATION 1d REPLICATION 1
ERR: error parsing query: found LIMIT, expected identifier at line 1, char 25

In Query 2, the retention policy name limit is an InfluxQL Keyword. Double quote limit to avoid the error:

> CREATE RETENTION POLICY "limit" ON telegraf DURATION 1d REPLICATION 1

While using double quotes is an acceptable workaround, we recommend that you avoid using InfluxQL keywords as identifiers for simplicity’s sake.

Resources: InfluxQL Keywords, Query Language Documentation

error parsing query: found < >, expected string at line < >, char < >

The expected string error occurs when InfluxDB anticipates a string but doesn’t find it. In most cases, the error is a result of forgetting to quote the password string in the CREATE USER statement.

Example

> CREATE USER penelope WITH PASSWORD timeseries4dayz
ERR: error parsing query: found timeseries4dayz, expected string at line 1, char 36

The CREATE USER statement requires single quotation marks around the password string:

> CREATE USER penelope WITH PASSWORD 'timeseries4dayz'

Note that you should not include the single quotes when authenticating requests.

Resources: Authentication and Authorization

error parsing query: mixing aggregate and non-aggregate queries is not supported

The mixing aggregate and non-aggregate error occurs when a SELECT statement includes both an aggregate function and a standalone field key or tag key.

Aggregate functions return a single calculated value and there is no obvious single value to return for any unaggregated fields or tags.

Example

Raw data:

The peg measurement has two fields (square and round) and one tag (force):

name: peg
---------
time                   square   round   force
2016-10-07T18:50:00Z   2        8       1
2016-10-07T18:50:10Z   4        12      2
2016-10-07T18:50:20Z   6        14      4
2016-10-07T18:50:30Z   7        15      3

Query 1:

> SELECT mean("square"),"round" FROM "peg"
ERR: error parsing query: mixing aggregate and non-aggregate queries is not supported

Query 1 includes an aggregate function and a standalone field.

mean("square") returns a single aggregated value calculated from the four values of square in the peg measurement, and there is no obvious single field value to return from the four unaggregated values of the round field.

Query 2:

> SELECT mean("square"),"force" FROM "peg"
ERR: error parsing query: mixing aggregate and non-aggregate queries is not supported

Query 2 includes an aggregate function and a standalone tag.

mean("square") returns a single aggregated value calculated from the four values of square in the peg measurement, and there is no obvious single tag value to return from the four unaggregated values of the force tag.

Resources: Functions

invalid operation: time and *influxql.VarRef are not compatible

The time and \*influxql.VarRef are not compatible error occurs when date-time strings are double quoted in queries. Date-time strings require single quotes.

Examples

Double quoted date-time strings:

> SELECT "water_level" FROM "h2o_feet" WHERE "location" = 'santa_monica' AND time >= "2015-08-18T00:00:00Z" AND time <= "2015-08-18T00:12:00Z"
ERR: invalid operation: time and *influxql.VarRef are not compatible

Single quoted date-time strings:

> SELECT "water_level" FROM "h2o_feet" WHERE "location" = 'santa_monica' AND time >= '2015-08-18T00:00:00Z' AND time <= '2015-08-18T00:12:00Z'

name: h2o_feet
time                   water_level
----                   -----------
2015-08-18T00:00:00Z   2.064
2015-08-18T00:06:00Z   2.116
2015-08-18T00:12:00Z   2.028

Resources: Data Exploration

unable to parse < >: bad timestamp

Timestamp Syntax

The bad timestamp error occurs when the line protocol includes a timestamp in a format other than a UNIX timestamp.

Example

> INSERT pineapple value=1 '2015-08-18T23:00:00Z'
ERR: {"error":"unable to parse 'pineapple value=1 '2015-08-18T23:00:00Z'': bad timestamp"}

The line protocol above uses an RFC3339 timestamp. Replace the timestamp with a UNIX timestamp to avoid the error and successfully write the point to InfluxDB:

> INSERT pineapple,fresh=true value=1 1439938800000000000

Line Protocol Syntax

In some cases, the bad timestamp error occurs with more general syntax errors in the line protocol. Line protocol is whitespace sensitive; misplaced spaces can cause InfluxDB to assume that a field or tag is an invalid timestamp.

Example

Write 1

> INSERT hens location=2 value=9
ERR: {"error":"unable to parse 'hens location=2 value=9': bad timestamp"}

The line protocol in Write 1 separates the hen measurement from the location=2 tag with a space instead of a comma. InfluxDB assumes that the value=9 field is the timestamp and returns an error.

Use a comma instead of a space between the measurement and tag to avoid the error:

> INSERT hens,location=2 value=9

Write 2

> INSERT cows,name=daisy milk_prod=3 happy=3
ERR: {"error":"unable to parse 'cows,name=daisy milk_prod=3 happy=3': bad timestamp"}

The line protocol in Write 2 separates the milk_prod=3 field and the happy=3 field with a space instead of a comma. InfluxDB assumes that the happy=3 field is the timestamp and returns an error.

Use a comma instead of a space between the two fields to avoid the error:

> INSERT cows,name=daisy milk_prod=3,happy=3

Resources: Line Protocol Tutorial, Line Protocol Reference

unable to parse < >: time outside range

The time outside range error occurs when the timestamp in the line protocol falls outside the valid time range for InfluxDB.

The minimum valid timestamp is -9223372036854775806 or 1677-09-21T00:12:43.145224194Z. The maximum valid timestamp is 9223372036854775806 or 2262-04-11T23:47:16.854775806Z.

Resources: Line Protocol Tutorial, Line Protocol Reference

write failed for shard < >: engine: cache maximum memory size exceeded

The cache maximum memory size exceeded error occurs when the cached memory size increases beyond the cache-max-memory-size setting in the configuration file.

By default, cache-max-memory-size is set to 512mb. This value is fine for most workloads, but is too small for larger write volumes or for datasets with higher series cardinality. If you have lots of RAM you could set it to 0 to disable the cached memory limit and never get this error. You can also examine the memBytes field in thecache measurement in the _internal database to get a sense of how big the caches are in memory.

Resources: Database Configuration