Database Management

Warning! This page documents an old version of InfluxDB, which is no longer actively developed. InfluxDB v1.3 is the most recent stable version of InfluxDB.

InfluxQL offers a full suite of administrative commands.

Data Management: Retention Policy Management:
CREATE DATABASE CREATE RETENTION POLICY
DROP DATABASE ALTER RETENTION POLICY
DROP SERIES DROP RETENTION POLICY
DELETE
DROP MEASUREMENT
DROP SHARD

If you’re looking for SHOW queries (for example, SHOW DATABASES or SHOW RETENTION POLICIES), see Schema Exploration.

The examples in the sections below use InfluxDB’s Command Line Interface (CLI). You can also execute the commands using the HTTP API; simply send a GET request to the /query endpoint and include the command in the URL parameter q. See the Querying Data guide for more on using the HTTP API.

Note: When authentication is enabled, only admin users can execute most of the commands listed on this page. See the documentation on authentication and authorization for more information.

Data Management

CREATE DATABASE

Creates a new database.

Syntax

CREATE DATABASE <database_name> [WITH [DURATION <duration>] [REPLICATION <n>] [SHARD DURATION <duration>] [NAME <retention-policy-name>]]

Description of Syntax

CREATE DATABASE requires a database name.

The WITH, DURATION, REPLICATION, SHARD DURATION, and NAME clauses are optional and create a single retention policy associated with the created database. If you do not specify one of the clauses after WITH, the relevant behavior defaults to the autogen retention policy settings. The created retention policy automatically serves as the database’s default retention policy. For more information about those clauses, see Retention Policy Management.

A successful CREATE DATABASE query returns an empty result. If you attempt to create a database that already exists, InfluxDB does nothing and does not return an error.

Examples

Example 1: Create a database


> CREATE DATABASE "NOAA_water_database"
>

The query creates a database called NOAA_water_database. By default, InfluxDB also creates the autogen retention policy and associates it with the NOAA_water_database.

Example 2: Create a database with a specific retention policy


> CREATE DATABASE "NOAA_water_database" WITH DURATION 3d REPLICATION 1 SHARD DURATION 1h NAME "liquid"
>

The query creates a database called NOAA_water_database. It also creates a default retention policy for NOAA_water_database with a DURATION of three days, a replication factor of one, a shard group duration of one hour, and with the name liquid.

Delete a database with DROP DATABASE

The DROP DATABASE query deletes all of the data, measurements, series, continuous queries, and retention policies from the specified database. The query takes the following form:

DROP DATABASE <database_name>

Drop the database NOAA_water_database:

> DROP DATABASE "NOAA_water_database"
>

A successful DROP DATABASE query returns an empty result. If you attempt to drop a database that does not exist, InfluxDB does not return an error.

Drop series from the index with DROP SERIES

The DROP SERIES query deletes all points from a series in a database, and it drops the series from the index.

Note: DROP SERIES does not support time intervals in the WHERE clause. See DELETE for that functionality.

The query takes the following form, where you must specify either the FROM clause or the WHERE clause:

DROP SERIES FROM <measurement_name[,measurement_name]> WHERE <tag_key>='<tag_value>'

Drop all series from a single measurement:

> DROP SERIES FROM "h2o_feet"

Drop series with a specific tag pair from a single measurement:

> DROP SERIES FROM "h2o_feet" WHERE "location" = 'santa_monica'

Drop all points in the series that have a specific tag pair from all measurements in the database:

> DROP SERIES WHERE "location" = 'santa_monica'

A successful DROP SERIES query returns an empty result.

Delete series with DELETE

The DELETE query deletes all points from a series in a database. Unlike DROP SERIES, it does not drop the series from the index and it supports time intervals in the WHERE clause.

The query takes the following form where you must include either the FROM clause or the WHERE clause, or both:

DELETE FROM <measurement_name> WHERE [<tag_key>='<tag_value>'] | [<time interval>]

Delete all data associated with the measurement h2o_feet:

> DELETE FROM "h2o_feet"

Delete all data associated with the measurement h2o_quality and where the tag randtag equals 3:

> DELETE FROM "h2o_quality" WHERE "randtag" = '3'

Delete all data in the database that occur before January 01, 2016:

> DELETE WHERE time < '2016-01-01'

A successful DELETE query returns an empty result.

Things to note about DELETE:

  • DELETE supports regular expressions in the FROM clause when specifying measurement names and in the WHERE clause when specifying tag values.
  • DELETE does not support fields in the WHERE clause.
  • If you need to delete points in the future, you must specify that time period as DELETE SERIES runs for time < now() by default. Syntax

Delete measurements with DROP MEASUREMENT

The DROP MEASUREMENT query deletes all data and series from the specified measurement and deletes the measurement from the index.

The query takes the following form:

DROP MEASUREMENT <measurement_name>

Delete the measurement h2o_feet:

> DROP MEASUREMENT "h2o_feet"

Note: DROP MEASUREMENT drops all data and series in the measurement. It does not drop the associated continuous queries.

A successful DROP MEASUREMENT query returns an empty result.

Currently, InfluxDB does not support regular expressions with DROP MEASUREMENTS. See GitHub Issue #4275 for more information.

Delete a shard with DROP SHARD

The DROP SHARD query deletes a shard. It also drops the shard from the metastore. The query takes the following form:

DROP SHARD <shard_id_number>

Delete the shard with the id 1:

> DROP SHARD 1
>

A successful DROP SHARD query returns an empty result. InfluxDB does not return an error if you attempt to drop a shard that does not exist.

Retention Policy Management

The following sections cover how to create, alter, and delete retention policies. Note that when you create a database, InfluxDB automatically creates a retention policy named autogen which has infinite retention. You may rename that retention policy or disable its auto-creation in the configuration file.

Create retention policies with CREATE RETENTION POLICY

Syntax

CREATE RETENTION POLICY <retention_policy_name> ON <database_name> DURATION <duration> REPLICATION <n> [SHARD DURATION <duration>] [DEFAULT]

Description of Syntax

DURATION


The DURATION clause determines how long InfluxDB keeps the data. The <duration> is a duration literal or INF (infinite). The minimum duration for a retention policy is one hour and the maximum duration is INF.

REPLICATION


The REPLICATION clause determines how many independent copies of each point are stored in the cluster, where n is the number of data nodes.

Replication factors do not serve a purpose with single node instances.

SHARD DURATION


The SHARD DURATION clause determines the time range covered by a shard group. The <duration> is a duration literal and does not support an INF (infinite) duration. This setting is optional. By default, the shard group duration is determined by the retention policy’s DURATION:

Retention Policy’s DURATION Shard Group Duration
< 2 days 1 hour
>= 2 days and <= 6 months 1 day
> 6 months 7 days

The minimum allowable SHARD GROUP DURATION is 1h. If the CREATE RETENTION POLICY query attempts to set the SHARD GROUP DURATION to less than 1h and greater than 0s, InfluxDB automatically sets the SHARD GROUP DURATION to 1h. If the CREATE RETENTION POLICY query attempts to set the SHARD GROUP DURATION to 0s, InfluxDB automatically sets the SHARD GROUP DURATION according to the default settings listed above.

See Shard Group Duration Management for recommended configurations.

DEFAULT


Sets the new retention policy as the default retention policy for the database. This setting is optional.

Examples

Example 1: Create a retention policy


> CREATE RETENTION POLICY "one_day_only" ON "NOAA_water_database" DURATION 1d REPLICATION 1
>

The query creates a retention policy called one_day_only for the database NOAA_water_database with a one day duration and a replication factor of one.

Example 2: Create a DEFAULT retention policy


> CREATE RETENTION POLICY "one_day_only" ON "NOAA_water_database" DURATION 23h60m REPLICATION 1 DEFAULT
>

The query creates the same retention policy as the one in the example above, but sets it as the default retention policy for the database.

A successful CREATE RETENTION POLICY query returns an empty response. If you attempt to create a retention policy identical to one that already exists, InfluxDB does not return an error. If you attempt to create a retention policy with the same name as an existing retention policy but with differing attributes, InfluxDB returns an error.

Note: You can also specify a new retention policy in the CREATE DATABASE query. See Create a database with CREATE DATABASE.

Modify retention policies with ALTER RETENTION POLICY

The ALTER RETENTION POLICY query takes the following form, where you must declare at least one of the retention policy attributes DURATION, REPLICATION, SHARD DURATION, or DEFAULT:

ALTER RETENTION POLICY <retention_policy_name> ON <database_name> DURATION <duration> REPLICATION <n> SHARD DURATION <duration> DEFAULT

Replication factors do not serve a purpose with single node instances.

First, create the retention policy what_is_time with a DURATION of two days:

> CREATE RETENTION POLICY "what_is_time" ON "NOAA_water_database" DURATION 2d REPLICATION 1
>

Modify what_is_time to have a three week DURATION, a 30 minute shard group duration, and make it the DEFAULT retention policy for NOAA_water_database.

> ALTER RETENTION POLICY "what_is_time" ON "NOAA_water_database" DURATION 3w SHARD DURATION 30m DEFAULT
>

In the last example, what_is_time retains its original replication factor of 1.

A successful ALTER RETENTION POLICY query returns an empty result.

Delete retention policies with DROP RETENTION POLICY

Delete all measurements and data in a specific retention policy with:

DROP RETENTION POLICY <retention_policy_name> ON <database_name>

Delete the retention policy what_is_time in the NOAA_water_database database:

> DROP RETENTION POLICY "what_is_time" ON "NOAA_water_database"
>

A successful DROP RETENTION POLICY query returns an empty result. If you attempt to drop a retention policy that does not exist, InfluxDB does not return an error.